Compound Bow Parts and Functions

Compound Bow Parts and Functions in 2023

There are so many compound bow parts and if you don’t know about them then here is your article!

A bow is a weapon for shooting arrows. Any archer needs to choose the right bow depending on the situation, such as: if he’s fighting an enemy or targeting something at a far distance. There are different types of bows: compound, recurve, longbow, and trainer.

There are a few factors to take into consideration when buying compound bows. To help you get started we’ve created a concise guide that should help steer you in the right direction!

Compound bows are trendy because they are easy to use and much faster than recurve bows, not to mention how accurate they shoot. Compound bows are elegant, sleek, and shorter in length makes them easier to maneuver.

While this bow is ultimately more powerful than conventional bows, it’s also easier to use, enabling you to make more accurate shots whether hunting, sport, or target.

Anatomy of a compound bow, Compound Bow Parts:

Compound Bow Parts

The parts of a compound bow are many and varied. The strings, limbs, cams, risers, cables, and more all combine to make the most advanced piece of archery equipment. Here’s a list of the major parts you should be aware of when understanding your bow:

Arrow shelf:

This is a section in the front of a bow that sticks out slightly to protect your hand when you’re holding it. This part protects your hand when drawing the bow up and also when you are aiming one shot at a mark.

Arrow rest:

The arrow rest is a platform on the bowstring (also called the string), which supports an arrow as an archer aims at the targets. The arrow rests are attached to the bow’s riser through a “Berger hole.”

Berger hole:

This is the point where the arrow is placed, held, and aligned when discussing traditional archery. It is usually made of wood or plastic and updated with synthetic origins. The basic model of this gives the most pleasing shape for proper archery.


The bowstring is an elastic piece of material that attaches one end to the other via a loop situated on both ends. It enables the archer to be able to draw back the bow enabling accurate aim towards their target with the view of success.

Brace height:

The brace height is the distance from the braced bowstring to the bow’s grip. It’s generally 7 inches high, and it’s used to help estimate how effective a given bow is going to be based on its specs. 

The bow’s brace height determines the distance between the strings and, thus, your grip. The closer that measurement is to your hand, the quicker you will be able to fire off shots, but with less stability when you need to line up that perfect shot.


Compound bows are crafted with pulley cables that connect the upper and lower limbs. Compressed by the pulleys when drawing the bow, each cable increases its energy so that when they release, they can then launch arrows incredibly fast over longer distances than previous bows.


To attach the bowstring to the recurve limbs on a compound bow, one uses the concave adjustment nut and bolt. This allows the archer to adjust their center shot so that they can compensate for any wayward shots. 

The table above allows for the transferring of energy from the limbs to the bowstring and is entirely customizable to one’s preferences – allowing for turning when it is drawn, thus giving ultimate control over one’s ability to manage their aim when shooting.

Cable guard:

As the name of this accessory implies, its primary purpose is to protect the cables that connect the string and riser to one another, so when you fire off an arrow, its job is to keep the bowstring on one side while letting your arrow pass through.

Cable slide:

The cable slide maintains tension on the group of cables used in compound bows by reducing the motion of cables together. A short leather tab is attached to the sliding pivot point, and this leather tab holds fast to one index finger or two when the bow is ready for release.


Stabilizers are the strings on your bow. They vary in length and thickness, but these strings counterbalance the arrow when the bow is released to keep it stable.


The limbs are sections that connect the handles to the riser. The limbs flex when a shot is being drawn, and power is accumulated during that process to enable a quicker reaction time with the bowstring on release.


The part of the bow carries all the limbs and other accessories while allowing for a smooth draw of the string to ensure the best and most accurate shots.

The Grip:

The compound bow grip is the part of the bow that archers use to hold the bow whenever they want to shoot an arrow or bolt. Imagine your wrists are like a rubber band and the string of your bow is a big arrow. 

The distance determined by where you place your thumb and index finger along the bow’s grip is referred to as draw length.

Peep sight:

The peep sight is a rounded-shaped rear sight device used to align with the bow’s front sights to achieve an accurate shot when viewed from the peep sight.


A bow sight is an attachment placed on a bow used to shoot arrows, which allows for accurate pinpointing when aiming for a shot. A bow sight usually contains a pin that can be adjusted to accomplish perfect accuracy. The pin can be adjusted for the distance to the target, low light conditions, and how the wind affects an arrow’s flight.

Idler wheel:

This component acts as a pulley since the string passes through it from the upper metal cam to the lower wooden-bodied cylinder.

String vibration arrester:

These are strings that extend from the ends of a bow. They serve as a method of transmitting energy that has been created in the bow to the arrow, effectively allowing it to be shot using only one hand.


This is where the arrow attaches to the string. The knock allows for an accurate shooting position when the bowstring releases.


These fletchings are made of plastic and feathered (usually turkey) arrow feathers that also keep your arrow straight as it flies through the air for a more accurate mark. 

The larger the fan’s blades, the lower the speed of the air they produce because they have more to push through. The smaller their size, the higher the speed of the air they can produce because there isn’t as much resistance.


This is a compound bow part that archers shoot with when that arrow you see there is released. The string, which is connected to the arrow and what you release as a mechanism for this type of bow, initiates movement to provoke mechanical energy because it acts as an attachment point for your end of the string.

Extra things You Should Know about Compound Bow:

A compound bow is an advanced weapon used for hunting and target shooting. It’s composed of several different parts that can be confusing to set up.

The first thing you need to do is figure out which kind of archer you are – a left-handed or right-handed shooter. You’ll need to buy a bow specifically for your dominant hand.

Second, you will need to decide on the type of draw weight that suits your needs best. Draw weight is how much the string pulls back when drawn, and this affects how much force the arrow will have when it releases from the string. A person with a lot of upper body strength might want a higher draw weight whereas a person with less strength might prefer something lower so they don’t injure their arm muscles as much.

Third, decide on what length of arrow you want to use (a longer arrow means more power). If you’re new at archery, it’s recommended to start with shorter arrows before moving up to longer ones so they don’t just fly off into the sky before reaching their target.

Fourth, choose which style of arrowhead would be best suited for your needs. There are many variations available such as field points, broadheads, and blunts. Some people like field points because they’re easier to pull out after being shot; others prefer broadheads because they cause more damage upon impact, and some prefer blunts because they’re safer for shooting around people or animals at close range


Compound bows are far more efficient, faster, and easier to use than traditional ones. They only require minimal care for the ultimate level of performance so that you can concentrate on your passion – shooting!

Compound bows are incredibly easy to use and powerful, especially when loaded with high-quality arrows and accurate shots.

The only problem with compound bows common among archers is the need for higher maintenance which does not require a lot of physical knowledge or tools to achieve but should nevertheless be given proper care.

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